Drug Addiction Rehab
Most people assume that drug addiction rehab facilities only offer addiction treatment for people struggling with drug or alcohol abuse disorders. However, many centers also offer addiction treatment for other types of addictions too.
For example, some people may require specialized addiction treatment for eating disorders, gambling addictions, or nicotine addiction. In fact, statistics show that a large percentage of people struggling with some type of substance abuse disorder may also have a secondary addiction at the same time.
What is Addiction?
Addiction is a disease of the brain that can be characterized by compulsive use or engagement in an activity the brain interprets as being rewarding. In many cases, addiction is strongly associated with drugs or alcohol, but can also be linked to other activities, including gambling, eating, exercise, sex, shopping, or computer use.
Different Types of Addiction
Behavioral Addiction: It is possible for some people to develop addictions to certain behaviors that they interpret as being rewarding. The human brain is designed to naturally release dopamine as a reward, which stimulates feelings of pleasure. In most cases, dopamine release is often linked to survival instincts, so most people experience a surge in dopamine after activities such as eating or sex.
However, there are other behaviors that may also stimulate the brain to release dopamine. For example, gambling offers a reward stimulus that is often associated with behavioral addiction. Other common behavioral addictions include video game addiction and shopping addiction.
Substance Addiction: When a person takes a mind-altering substance, such as drugs or alcohol, the brain is artificially stimulated to release a surge of dopamine into the system. The brain interprets the action of taking the drug or drinking alcohol as being a form of reward.
Continued abuse of the substance can eventually cause significant changes in the brain's chemistry. Over time, the brain becomes unable to produce dopamine naturally, unless the person continues taking drugs or drinking alcohol. At this point, the person is considered dependent on the substance.
Typical substances of abuse that can cause addiction include alcohol, nicotine, prescription drugs, and illegal street drugs.
How is Addiction Mental and Physical?
Many people assume addiction is purely physical, believing an addicted person simply needs to exert some willpower and stop using the substance of addiction. While many people can be considered physically dependent on drugs or alcohol, the detox process can help to break the body's dependency.
By comparison, addiction can also be psychological. When a person is dependent on drugs or alcohol, the brain is unable to function normally unless the substance is present in the system.
Different Treatment Options in a Rehab Treatment Center
There is a broad range of treatment options available in any good rehab treatment center. The key to effective treatment is to customize each person's own recovery plan to suit their own individual circumstances and needs.
Some of the treatment options available may include:
Inpatient: inpatient rehab treatments require the recovering person to reside on premises for the duration of the program. The benefits of inpatient treatment include around the clock monitoring and supervision by medical staff who are able to administer prescription medications to help ease any withdrawal symptoms that may emerge during the detox process.
Outpatient: outpatient rehab treatments allow the person in recovery to remain living independently, but still require a significant time commitment. The recovering person is required to check in with addiction specialists regularly to receive treatment medication, attend counseling sessions, group meetings, or other scheduled appointments.
Behavioral therapy: detox may be helpful in addressing the physical aspect of addiction. However, behavioral therapy works to correct dysfunctional attitudes and behaviors associated with addictive substance abuse, replacing them with positive habits and skills for living a sober life without returning to a cycle of drug or alcohol use.
Alternative therapy: holistic therapies and treatments can be excellent ways for recovering people to learn positive ways to manage stress, as well as reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression.
Group support meetings: regular attendance at group support meetings is beneficial for reducing feelings of isolation during the recovery process. Group meetings also offer the opportunity to establish new social connections with likeminded peers facing similar challenges on the road to sobriety.